Table 1. The Role of the PWA as an Additional Method for Evaluating Pathophysiological Conditions.

From: Carotid Pulse Wave Analysis: Future Direction of Hemodynamic and Cardiovascular Risk Assessment

Conditions Events Mechanisms Measurements
Carotid artery diseases Intima-media thickness (43) Atherosclerosis cf-PWV
Carotid stenosis (33) Narrowing of artery PWTT
Cerebrovascular diseases Ischemic stroke (44) Emboli cf-PWV
Hemorrhagic stroke (45) High BP cf-PWV
Cerebral aneurysm (46) Arterial wall damage cf-PWV, AIx, CPP
Microvascular disease (47) Arterial stiffness cf-PWV
Migraine (48) Vasodilatation cf-PWV, AIx
Heart diseases Coronary heart disease (49) Atherosclerosis cf-PWV
Chronic heart failure (50) High PVR cf-PWV, AIx, PP
Arrhythmia (51) Atrial fibrillation cf-PWV, AIx, CPP
Aortic valve disease (52) Aortic stenosis cf-PWV
Systemic diseases Hypertension (53) Arterial stiffness cf-PWV
Diabetes (54) Endothelial dysfunction cf-PWV, AIx
Hypercholesterolemia (55) Endothelial dysfunction cf-PWV, c-PWV
Chronic kidney disease (56) Microcirculation cf-PWV, AIx
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (57) Arterial wall damages cf-PWV, AIx